Reasonable and necessary supports
The NDIS funds a range of supports and services which may include education, employment, social participation, independence, living arrangements and health and wellbeing.
In order to be considered reasonable and necessary, a support or service:
- must be related to a participant’s disability
- must not include day-to-day living costs not related to your disability support needs, such as groceries
- should represent value for money
- must be likely to be effective and work for the participant, and
- should take into account support given to you by other government services, your family, carers, networks and the community.
A participant's reasonable and necessary supports take into account any informal supports already available to the individual (informal arrangements that are part of family life or natural connections with friends and community services) as well as other formal supports, such as health and education.
These supports will help participants to:
- pursue their goals, objectives and aspirations
- increase their independence
- increase community and workplace participation, and
- develop their capacity to actively take part in the community.
How does the NDIA work out what is reasonable and necessary?
The NDIA makes decisions based on the National Disability Insurance Scheme Act 2013 (NDIS Act) (External website) and the rules made under the NDIS Act. The operational guidelines also provide practical guidance for decision makers.
When the NDIA makes decisions about which supports would be reasonable and necessary for a particular participant, we refer to the particular operational guideline that relates to each specific support.
Is the NDIS linked to the Disability Support Pension?
No. The Disability Support Pension (DSP) is separate to the NDIS. If you are receiving the DSP, this does not mean that you are automatically eligible for the NDIS, and you will still need to check your eligibility and apply for the NDIS. Similarly, if you receive NDIS funding, it will not impact any income support you receive, such as the DSP or Carers Allowance.
If you are receiving Mobility Allowance when you receive an approved NDIS plan, your eligibility for the Mobility Allowance payment ceases. Find out more about Mobility allowance in preparing for your planning meeting.
Support for families and carers
Although the NDIS supports people with permanent and significant disability, their NDIS-funded supports and services may have a direct or indirect benefit for families and carers.
Your LAC, ECEI Coordinator or the NDIA can also give you information about supports available to you under other government-funded programs, including counselling and carer support groups in your community.
Find out more about Support and resources for families and careers.
Support for dysphagia and mainstream health
The Commonwealth Government recently decided, as an interim measure, the NDIS will fund the ongoing development, assessment and monitoring of meal plans for NDIS participants with dysphagia who aren’t in a hospital or acute care setting.
Dysphagia related care and supports are required by participants who have difficulty swallowing. For more information read about how the NDIS works with government health services.